Vitiligo is a common skin disorder that results in depigmentation. The most notable symptom of vitiligo is depigmentation of patches of skin that occurs on the extremities.Although patches are initially small, they often enlarge and change shape. When skin lesions occur, they are most prominent on the face, hands and wrists. Depigmentation is particularly noticeable around body orifices, such as the mouth, eyes, nostrils, genitalia and umbilicus. Some lesions have hyperpigmentation around the edges. ebiochem.com
The doctor will do a physical exam to rule out other medical problems. ebiochem.com
Tests might include:Taking a small sample (biopsy) of the affected skin to be examined ;Blood tests ;An eye exam. ebiochem.com
With the appropriate management, many patients can minimize disease progression, attain repigmentation, and achieve cosmetically pleasing results. There are numerous medical and surgical treatments aimed at repigmentation; therapies for depigmentation are available for patients with recalcitrant or advanced disease. The use of cosmetics at all stages of treatment may be vital to the patient’s quality of life. The main goal of treating vitiligo is to improve appearance. Therapy for vitiligo takes a long time-it usually must be continued for 6 to 18 months. The choice of therapy depends on the number of white patches; their location, sizes, and how widespread they are; and what you prefer in terms of treatment. Each patient responds differently to therapy, and a particular treatment may not work for everyone.
Understanding all the available options helps choose the appropriate treatment plan and tailor it to your patient. Here on vitiligo discusses the indications for, evidence behind, and adverse effects associated with many of the therapies used for vitiligo. Both conventional medical and surgical options are discussed in addition to several alternative and promising new therapies.ebiochem.com
Doctors often prescribe a mild topical medicine for patients. You must apply the cream to the white patches on the skin for at least 3 months before seeing any results. Monobenzone is used as a topical medicine to permanently depigment normal skin surrounding vitiliginous lesions in patients with disseminated (greater than 50 percent of body surface area) idiopathic vitiligo. Monobenzone is a mild medical bleach.ebiochem.com