What Is Radix Angelicae?

Radix Angelicae sinensis is one of about 60 species of perennial herb in the Apiaceae, or carrot, family. Native to China, it is sold medicinally at various retail outlets. Herbalists and traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) practitioners have used the dried roots of this plant to treat gynecological problems and as a general blood purifier. Research done to confirm the plant’s curative powers shows that it does have anticramping, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and hypotensive properties. This herb should not be used by those with some chronic health conditions or if taking certain medications.http://www.ebiochem.com/

This herb is also known as dong quai, dang gui, kara toki, female ginseng, and Chinese angelica. Radix Angelicae sinensis may be prescribed by practitioners of TCM for painful or abnormal menstruation and symptoms of menopause. If estrogen in the body is low, Radix Angelicae sinensis may enhance the effects of the available estrogen. When estrogen is too high, the herb may compete with the body’s own estrogen, forcing the level down. It is often combined with black cohosh and chaste tree berry.http://www.ebiochem.com/

For an easier delivery, midwives or TCM practitioners may recommend that pregnant women near term take Radix Angelicae sinensis. Women in the early and middle stages of pregnancy should avoid taking this herb because it may induce a miscarriage. There is one reported case of the herb being taken in the first trimester which resulted in a baby with birth defects.

Sometimes Radix Angelicae sinensis is prescribed as a general cardiovascular system tonic for both women and men. The plant has a high iron content and can help prevent or correct iron-deficiency anemia. Additionally, this herb may be able to help stabilize blood sugar levels and control high blood pressure. Users may see a rise in blood pressure initially; according to TCM, the blood pressure will decline and normalize with continued use.

Those with hormone-sensitive conditions, such as breast cancer, uterine fibroids, endometriosis, ovarian or uterine cancer should not take Radix Angelicae sinensis. Those with protein S deficiency may want to avoid this herb as well because the risk of internal clot formation may increase. To reduce the risk of bleeding, anyone using this herb who is scheduled for surgery should stop taking it at least two weeks prior to the procedure. Patients taking anti-coagulants or anti-platelet drugs with the herb may experience slowed clotting and should be cautious when taking Radix Angelicae sinensis. Anyone thinking about adding this herb to a daily health regimen may want to consult with a qualified medical professional first.

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What Are the Medical Uses of Houttuynia Cordata?

An herbaceous, moisture-loving perennial that grows between six and ten inches in height and bears greenish-yellow blossoms throughout summer, Houttuynia cordata is an herb of minor importance in traditional Chinese medicine. The plant is used as a folk medicine wherever it is found naturally, particularly to help heal lung abnormalities, earache, infectious disease, water retention, detoxification and general debility. Exploratory studies by Chinese scientists have indicated that extracts of the plant may possess antiviral, antibacterial, anti-herpetic, anti-obesity, and anti-leukemic properties. It may also be useful in the treatment of pneumonia or severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus. ebiochem.com

Much of the research conducted on Houttuynia cordata as of 2011 has neglected to distinguish between two different chemotypic varieties within the species, both of which likely possess dramatically different pharmacological properties. While the Southeast Asian chemotype has an essential oil profile that is quite similar to that of cilantro or coriander leaf, the Japanese chemotype possesses an unusual mix of citrus aromas that can best be compared to ginger, galangal or lemon myrtle. Some of the potentially therapeutically active compounds within the former include methyl nonyl ketone, limonene and myrcene as well as the potent antibacterial compound 3-keto-dodecanal, which is not found in the Japanese chemotype. The Japanese chemotype of Houttuynia cordata instead contains the related chemicals lauryl aldehyde, caprylic aldehyde and methyl nonyl ketone as well as a number of other biologically active pyridine alkaloids, flavonoids and flavonoid glycosides. ebiochem.com

While 3-keto-dodecanol may be the most potent antibacterial agent in Houttuynia cordata, other compounds are likely responsible for its use in the treatment for symptoms of seasonal and chronic allergies as well as acute infectious respiratory illnesses. ebiochem.com

Preliminary studies suggest that the success of Houttuynia cordata preparations in controlling symptoms for these conditions is due to the plant’s anti-inflammatory properties. While the compound or compounds responsible for Houttuynia cordata’s anti-inflammatory properties have not been conclusively identified, whole extracts of the plant have demonstrated selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibiting activity similar to that of prescription non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. It is possible that the flavonoid glycosides quercetin and isoquercetin may be the source of this activity.ebiochem.com

Despite its use in the treatment of allergies, Houttuynia cordata may itself be the cause of serious allergic reactions. There have been several reports of potentially fatal anaphylactic allergic reactions in patients using preparations of the plant. While rare, it is important to advise patients of the symptoms of an anaphylactic reaction if they intend to use this plant. ebiochem.com

Houttuynia cordata is also known as heartleaf due to its shape and fishwort due to the unusual odor it produces when its leaves are crushed. The plant is most commonly cultivated for its use as a leaf vegetable or garnish in Vietnamese cuisine and as a root vegetable in south China. Due to its invasive nature, this herb should not be cultivated throughout many regions of the United States, Europe and Australia, as it can proliferate rapidly and displace native plant species. ebiochem.com

Pine Bark Extract’s Possible Usefulness

Pine Bark Extract (Pinus massoniana Lamb.)

Pine Bark Extract is an extract from the barks of the pines. The barks peeled from the pines are harvested, ground and extracted. www.ebiochem.com

It is a species of pine, native to a wide area of central and southern China, including Hong Kong and Taiwan, and northern Vietnam.www.ebiochem.com

Pine bark has been proved to be a new resource of OPCs, the OPCs extracted from the pine bark does not show any difference in quality and functions except for mild dissimilarity in appearance. By its excellent antioxidant activity, OPCs eliminates damages that free radicals, as well as collagenase and elastinase do to the arteries, thus prevents or reverses atherosclerosis. Animal evidence suggested that OPCs can slow or reverse atherosclerosis.

Because of its antioxidant activity, OPCs is thought to prevent the skin from excessive ultraviolet radiation and free radicals. Considerable evidences indicate that OPCs protects and strengthens collagen and elastin of the skin, so that wrinkle is prevented and elasticity of the skin is kept. OPCs in cream form is a popular treatment for aging skin, on the theory that by repairing elastin and collagen they will return skin to a more youthful appearance.www.ebiochem.com

Some small brief studies have been done to look at pine bark extract’s possible usefulness in treating asthma, menstrual pain, blood clots and leg swelling during long airplane flights, retinal disease in diabetics, high cholesterol, and other disorders.www.ebiochem.com

In addition, different types of pine bark and have different formulations.www.ebiochem.com

Usnic Acid in Usnea Extract

Usnic acid is uniquely found in lichens, and is especially abundant in genera such as Alectoria, Cladonia, Usnea, Lecanora, Ramalina and Evernia. Many lichens and extracts containing usnic acid have been utilized for medicinal, perfumery, cosmetic as well as ecological applications. Usnic acid as a pure substance has been formulated in creams, toothpaste, mouthwash, deodorants and sunscreen products, in some cases as an active principle, in others as a preservative. In addition to antimicrobial activity against human and plant pathogens, usnic acid has been shown to exhibit antiviral, antiprotozoal, antiproliferative, anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity. Ecological effects, such as antigrowth, antiherbivore and anti-insect properties, have also been demonstrated. ebiochem.com

Usnic acid is found in over-the-counter weight loss supplements, but no clinical evidence is available justifying its use in this way. Usnic acid is not typically consumed by people, but is used in some cosmetic products. Improper use of usnic acid has been associated with severe medical consequences. ebiochem.com

In addition to its unproven weight loss properties, usnic acid has also been associated with other unproven claims. Usnic acid has been researched for use as an anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-oxidant, anti-viral, and fever and pain reducer. ebiochem.com




How Radix Paeoniae extract benefits to us?

It has an effect on antispasmodic, analgesia, sedation; anti-inflammatory, anti-ulcer; hepatoprotective;It can regulate mmune function,and hypoxia role.ebiochem.com

In vitro study, Radix Paeoniae has significant inhibition on adrenaline, adenosine diphosphate (ADP), welding head snake venom (TMVA) and arachidonic acid (AA) and it can reduce platelet adhesion and activity of the third platelet factor while increasing cAMP in platelet.ebiochem.com

It is a clinical treatment for coronary heart disease, old age diseases. And it can strengthen health and immune function, anti-inflammatory relieving cough and asthma and so on, In particular, the treatment of chronic respiratory disease may be a supplementary drug.

The main component of radix paeoniae rubra including radix paeoniae glucoside, radix paeoniae lactone glycoside, oxidatied radix paeoniae glucoside, benzoyl radix paeoniae glucoside, daucosterol, also contain alkaloid, benzoic acid, etc ebiochem.com

Research shows that Radix Paeoniae improves blood rheology of high viscous blood coronary heart disease patients.It can reduce the whole blood viscosity ratio and erythrocyte electrophoresis time reduced. In addition, red paeony root can through the influence of calcium metabolism, regulate TXA2 / PGI2 balance resistance to atherosclerosis. Moreover,it have significant sedation and analgesic effect and still can mild improve gastric acidity so as to improve appetite, digestion function and nerve disorders.ebiochem.com